May 14, 2009

Mini Web Load Tester with Python and Pylot Core

Pylot is a performance tool for benchmarking web services/applications. I am working on exposing some of Pylot's internals so you can use it as a Python Module/API for generating concurrent HTTP load.

Below is a simple function that runs a mini [multi-threaded] load test against a single URL. It will return a dictionary containing runtime statistics. Results and timing information from each request is also logged to a file.

I use something like this to run performance unit tests rapidly (10-30 secs usually). I can bang on the URL for my application and quickly see how it performs and scales.

Here is a small Python script that uses Pylot as a module:

#!/usr/bin/env python

import pylot.core.engine as pylot_engine
import os
import sys
import time
        

pylot_engine.GENERATE_RESULTS = False

url = 'http://www.pylot.org'
num_agents = 5
duration = 10
runtime_stats = {}

original_stdout = sys.stdout
sys.stdout = open(os.devnull, 'w')

req = pylot_engine.Request(url)
lm = pylot_engine.LoadManager(num_agents, 0, 0, False, runtime_stats, [])
lm.add_req(req)

lm.start()
time.sleep(duration)
lm.stop()

sys.stdout = original_stdout

for agent_num, stats in runtime_stats.iteritems():
    print 'agent %i : %i reqs : avg %.3f secs' % \
        (agent_num + 1, stats.count, stats.avg_latency)

Output:

agent 1 : 46 reqs : avg 0.220 secs
agent 2 : 46 reqs : avg 0.218 secs
agent 3 : 46 reqs : avg 0.220 secs
agent 4 : 46 reqs : avg 0.221 secs
agent 5 : 46 reqs : avg 0.221 secs

Here is a slightly larger example with some more structure and features. This creates a small command line interface for running a mini load test.

Code:

#!/usr/bin/env python
# Corey Goldberg 2009

import pylot.core.engine as pylot_engine
import os
import sys
import time



def main():
    """
    Usage: >python pylot_mini_loadtest.py   
    """
    url = sys.argv[1]
    num_agents = int(sys.argv[2])
    duration = int(sys.argv[3])
    pylot_engine.GENERATE_RESULTS = False
    print '\nmini web load test \n---------------------------------'
    agent_stats = run_loadtest(url, num_agents, duration)
    throughput = sum([stat.count for stat in agent_stats.values()]) / float(duration)
    print '%.2f reqs/sec' % throughput
    for agent_num, stats in agent_stats.iteritems():
        print 'agent %i : %i reqs : avg %.3f secs' % \
            (agent_num + 1, stats.count, stats.avg_latency)
        


def run_loadtest(url, num_agents, duration):
    """
    Runs a load test and returns a dictionary of statistics from agents.
    """
    original_stdout = sys.stdout
    sys.stdout = open(os.devnull, 'w')
    
    runtime_stats = {}
    req = pylot_engine.Request(url)
    lm = pylot_engine.LoadManager(num_agents, 0, 0, False, runtime_stats, [])
    lm.add_req(req)
    
    lm.start()
    time.sleep(duration)
    lm.stop()
    
    sys.stdout = original_stdout
    
    return runtime_stats



if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()

Usage/Output:

C:\test>python pylot_mini_loadtest.py http://www.goldb.org 8 10

mini web load test
---------------------------------
19.20 reqs/sec
agent 1 : 24 reqs : avg 0.416 secs
agent 2 : 24 reqs : avg 0.418 secs
agent 3 : 24 reqs : avg 0.417 secs
agent 4 : 24 reqs : avg 0.418 secs
agent 5 : 24 reqs : avg 0.415 secs
agent 6 : 24 reqs : avg 0.419 secs
agent 7 : 24 reqs : avg 0.419 secs
agent 8 : 24 reqs : avg 0.419 secs

Of course, for more complex scenarios, you can use the full blown tool, available at: www.pylot.org/download.html

Questions? Hit me up.

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